Zand

   Kurdish Iranian tribe that established a dynasty that ruled western Persia from 1751 to 1794. They belonged to the Lak group of Lurs who had been deported from their central Zagros homeland in Deh Pari to northern Khorasan by Nadir Shah in 1732 but had then fought their way back home under Karim Khan after Nadir's assassination in 1747.
   The Zand dynasty's reputation rests on its founder Karim Khan. He was able to put together an army from the nomadic tribes of the Zagros and establish alliances with the bureaucrats and influentials of such important cities in western Persia as Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Kirman. For a while, Karim Khan used the fiction of a Safavid revival and contented himself with the title of wakil, or regent. He rebuilt his capital Shiraz, pursued intelligent economic policies, endorsed the majority Twelver Shiism while manifesting notable religious tolerance, and exhibited commendable humanity as recorded in popular folklore. At one point, Karim Khan even temporarily took the port of Basra from the Ottomans.
   At their height, however, the Zand only ruled over western Persia without completely subduing the Qajars at Astarabad on the Caspian littoral. Karim Khan was also content to allow Khorasan in the northeast to remain out of his control. Karim Khan's incompetent successors fell into internecine warfare and were soon overcome by the Turkoman Qajars from Astarabad. Luft Ali, the last Zand ruler, was defeated and tortured to death by the founder of the Qajar dynasty, Agha Muhammad Khan, who had spent his youth and received his education at the benevolent court of Karim Khan.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Zand — may refer to:* Zand tribe * the Iranian Zand dynasty (1773 1794) * Zand, Netherlands ( zand in Dutch means sand and appears in various geographical names)or to these (near )homophones: * Zend Avesta or Zand Avesta: the commentaries ( Zend , or… …   Wikipedia

  • Zand — see Zend …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zand — Die Vakil Moschee in Schiraz, erbaut unter der Zand Dynastie Die Zand Prinzen waren eine iranische[1] Dynastie in Persien (1750 – 1794). Sie gingen aus dem kurdischen Stamm der Lak hervor.[2] Nach der Ermordung von Nadir Schah …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zand — Dynastie Zand Histoire de l Iran Civilisation proto élamite (3 200 2 700 av. J. C.) Civilisation de Jiroft (3 000 Ve siècle av. J. C. Royaume élamite …   Wikipédia en Français

  • zand — am·per·zand; pa·zand; …   English syllables

  • Zand — Zạnd,   Herbert, österreichischer Schriftsteller, * Knoppen (bei Bad Aussee) 14. 11. 1923, ✝(Selbstmord) Wien 14. 7. 1970; verbrachte Kindheit und Jugend auf dem väterlichen Bauernhof; wurde im Zweiten Weltkrieg schwer verwundet; war später… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zand — nm sable Flandre …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

  • zand — santi …   Woordenlijst Sranan

  • ZAND, MICHAEL — (1927– ), philologist of Persian. Zand was born in Kamenets Podolski, but was taken to Moscow in 1930. In 1937 his father was killed during the Stalin purges. Zand studied at the University of Moscow and then, when he could not find employment… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zand-i Wahman yasn — (persian:زند بهمن یشت)one of the middle Persian book,which is written in 6th century.The Bahman Yast, usually called the Zand of the Vohûman Yast, professes to be a prophetical work, in which Ahura mazda gives Zoroaster an account of what was to… …   Wikipedia

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